Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Session 01: Orthopaedics

It is a branch of surgery which focus on injuries and the disease of the musculoskeletal system. Musculoskeletal system is a complex system that includes bones, joints, ligaments, tendon muscles and nerves. After proper diagnosis and consultation orthopaedic surgeons treat problems of the musculoskeletal system like musculoskeletal trauma, spine disease, sport injuries, infection, tumour and congenital disorder by both surgical and non surgical method. 

  • Track 1-1Upper extremity and hand
  • Track 1-2Paediatric orthopaedics
  • Track 1-3Orthopaedic oncology
  • Track 1-4Dermatology in orthopaedics
  • Track 1-5Shoulder and elbow

Session 02Clinical diagnosis of Orthopaedic

To diagnose and screen for orthopaedic problems, a range of tests can be employed. Some diagnostic tests can assist to identify the exact location and severity of the problem. Bone densitometry, skeletal scintigraphy, discography, myelography, and electromyography are all common orthopaedic examinations. In some circumstances, additional tests, such as muscle biopsy and bone marrow biopsy may be required.

Session 03Orthopaedics Surgery

Non-surgical method- musculoskeletal disorder can be treated without surgery. Orthopaedic surgeons might recommend medicine, exercise, rehabilitation, or other therapies as part of a therapy plan. If non surgical therapy not effective for the disorder surgeon may recommend surgery.

Surgical method- A surgeon who specializes in orthopedics can undertake a variety of procedures. Some of the most popular techniques are Arthroscopy, Joint replacementFusionosteotomy and Internal fixation.

  • Track 3-1ACL Reconstruction Surgery
  • Track 3-2Ankle Repair and Spinal Surgeries
  • Track 3-3Limb reconstruction surgery
  • Track 3-4Orthopaedics Medical Devices
  • Track 3-5Orthopaedics: Diagnostic Techniques

Session 04Osteoporosis

A condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile. Osteoporosis causes porous or weak bones, which raise the risk of fractures, especially in the hip, spine, and wrist bones. Osteoporosis affects around 2 million men over the age of 65 but it is more common in older women. Osteoporosis is a condition that goes unnoticed. It's possible that you won't realise you have it until you break a bone.

The best way to monitor your bone health is to have a bone mineral density test. To keep your bones strong eat a calcium and vitamin-D-rich diet, exercise regularly, and avoid smoking. Men and women between the ages of 18 and 50 should consume 1,000 mg of calcium every day. This daily dose rises to 1,200 mg once women reach 50 and males reach 70.

  • Track 4-1Risk Factors of Osteoporosis
  • Track 4-2Research Progress Related to Osteoporosis
  • Track 4-3Osteoporosis Medication
  • Track 4-4Conventional Treatment for Osteoporosis
  • Track 4-5Osteoporosis symptoms
  • Track 4-6Senile osteoporosis

Session 05Arthroplasty

Arthroplasty is a type of orthopaedic surgery in which the articular surface of a musculoskeletal joint is replaced, modified, or realigned using osteotomy or another method .For example, an osteoarthritic hip joint can be completely replaced with a prosthetic hip (total hip arthroplasty).

According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) more over 7 million people in the United States have an arthroplasty . The most successful and prevalent type of arthroplasty for the past 45 years has been the surgical replacement of arthritic or joint surface with a prothesis. Hip and knee arthroplasties are the two most common surgeries in the United States, with up to one million procedures performed each year.

  • Track 5-1Silicone replacement arthroplasty
  • Track 5-2Mold arthroplasty
  • Track 5-3Interpositional arthroplasty
  • Track 5-4Joint treatment and Replacement
  • Track 5-5Orthopedics trauma

Session 06Osteoarthritis

Also known as degenerative joint Disease , it is the most common type arthritis. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition of the articular cartilage that is characterized with hypertrophic bone alterations. Although the damage to joints cannot be repaired, the symptoms of osteoarthritis can typically be treated. Staying active, eating a healthy diet, and receiving specific treatments may help reduce disease development and improve pain and joint function. Around 80% of elderly people aged 55 and up, have osteoarthritis as evidenced by X-ray. Symptomatic osteoarthritis impacts 240 million adults globally, including more than 30 million adults in the United States. In comparison to men, Knee osteoarthritis was shown to be more common in postmenopausal women than in males.

  • Track 6-1Pseudarthrosis
  • Track 6-2Medications
  • Track 6-3Lifestyle and home remedies Complications of osteoarthritis
  • Track 6-4Osteonecrosis
  • Track 6-5Risk factors of osteoarthritis

Session 07Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune and inflammatory disease in which your immune system mistakenly affects healthy cells in your body, resulting in inflammation (painful swelling) in the affected areas .Hands, knees, and ankles are the most prevalent sites for the disorder, and it usually affects the same joint on both sides of the body, such as both hands or both knees .

RA affects more women than males for unspecified reasons, and it usually manifests in middle life. Researchers are confused as why people get Rheumatoid Arthritis. They believe these people have genes that are activated by a trigger in the environment, such as a virus or bacteria, physical or emotional stress, or another element.

  • Track 7-1Research and new developments
  • Track 7-2Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs)
  • Track 7-3Biologic treatments
  • Track 7-4Rheumatic Diseases
  • Track 7-5Clinical Rheumatology

Session 08 Knee Arthroplasty

Knee arthroplasty  commonly known as complete knee replacement, is a surgical surgery that resurfaces a knee that has been affected by arthritis The ends of the bones that shape the knee joint are capped with metal and plastic components. To determine if a knee replacement is right for you, an orthopaedic surgeon assesses your knee's range of motion, stability, and strength. X-rays assist in the detection of damage.

Knee replacement surgery may be an option if medicinal therapy is inadequate. In the United States, knee replacement surgery is one of the most common bone surgery. Every year, more than 600,000 knee replacement procedures are performed in the United States, with many of them now being performed robotically.

  • Track 8-1Surgical Techniques for Knee Replacement
  • Track 8-2Inflammatory arthritis
  • Track 8-3Trauma
  • Track 8-4TKA and TKR

Session 09Shoulder Arthroplasty

 Shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) is a procedure that restores the glenohumeral joint to its original state, which includes both the upper edge of the humerus and the glenoid. While shoulder joint replacement is not as common as knee or hip replacement, it is equally effective in relieving joint discomfort.

 According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, about 53,000 people in the United States receive shoulder replacement surgery each year. In comparison, almost 900,000 Americans get knee and hip replacement surgery each year. It primarily affects those over the age of 50, but younger people can also be affected.

  • Track 9-1Hemiarthroplasty
  • Track 9-2Total shoulder arthroplasty(TSA)
  • Track 9-3A reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA)
  • Track 9-4Shoulder Arthroplasty in fractures

Session 10Hip Arthroplasty

Common actions like walking or stepping in and out of a chair may be uncomfortable and difficult if your hip has been injured by arthritis, a fracture, or other disorders. It's possible that your hip is stiff, making it difficult to put on your shoes and socks. It's possible that you'll feel anxious while relaxing. If drugs, lifestyle changes, and the use of walking aids aren't enough to relieve your symptoms, hip replacement surgery may be an option.

As per Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality In the United State, more than 450,000 total hip replacement are performed each year The decision to have surgery is made based on the patient's difficulty and impairment, not their age. The majority of patients who have a total hip replacement are between the ages of 50 and 80, although orthopaedic surgeons assess each patient individually.

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  • Track 10-1Hip preservation Surgery
  • Track 10-2Implant Components
  • Track 10-3Possible Complications of Surgery
  • Track 10-4Childhood hip disease
  • Track 10-5Hemiarthroplasty

Session 11Spine Surgery

Traditionally, spine surgery has been done as an "open procedure." This entails making a wide incision in the area to be operated on to allow the surgeon access. In recent years, technological advancements have made it possible to treat more back and neck disorders with a minimally invasive surgical method. Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) minimises significant damage to the muscles surrounding the spine because it does not require a major incision. This usually leads to less discomfort and a quicker recovery.

  • Track 11-1Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS)
  • Track 11-2Spinal instrumentation
  • Track 11-3Spinal Osteoarthritis
  • Track 11-4Spondylolysis
  • Track 11-5Spinal stenosis

The anterior longitudinal ligament is a ligament that runs down the spine's anterior surface. Over the vertebral bodies, the ligament is thicker and narrower, whereas over the intervertebral discs, it is thinner and wider. In comparison to the posterior longitudinal ligament, this effect is significantly lesser pronounced. Between two adjacent vertebrae, the anterior longitudinal ligament can be "released," or partially cut to treat abnormalities in vertebral column curvature, such as kyphosis. The ACR method employing anterior longitudinal ligament release should not be utilised in patients with osteoporosis or osteopenia because it increases the risk of spacer sinking through the end plates.

The ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament (OALL) is generally thought to be the cause of Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH). Dysphagia can be caused by Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) and cervical ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament (C-OALL) .Conservative treatment is normally chosen, but if the condition does not improve, surgery may be necessary. In the current research study, Four human cadaveric spines were frozen and sectioned using a cryomacrotome after being identified with DISH using CT imaging. 

  • Track 12-1Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH)
  • Track 12-2Lumbar vertebrae
  • Track 12-3Spondylosis
  • Track 12-4Cervical vertebrae
  • Track 12-5Cervical Lordosis

Session 12: Arthroscopy

It is a keyhole procedure for the diagnose and treatment of joints. Knees, ankles, shoulders, elbows, wrists, and hips are the most common places where it's applied. It is performed to determine the level of joint damage caused by injuries like sports injuries and others. The doctor makes a series of small incisions (cuts) across the knee before inserting the arthroscope (a small tube-like tool) into the joint. It has some advantage over open surgery” Because the arthroscopy equipment is so small, only little skin cuts are required. Knee Arthroscopy

  • Track 13-1Diagnostic and Treatment
  • Track 13-2ECL OR PCL
  • Track 13-3Acromegaly
  • Track 13-4Infections in Arthroscopy

Session 13:  Consequence of Arthroscopy

The overall risk of problems linked with knee arthroscopy has been calculated to be around 5%. The chances of a major complication from knee arthroscopy are fewer than 1%. Although the most common surgical risks are not life-threatening, they can be unpleasant. Infection, nerve damage, blood clots, chronic swelling and stiffness, heart attack, and stroke are all risks and complications of arthroscopic knee surgery.

  • Track 14-1Localized soft tissue infection
  • Track 14-2Leg vascularity seems to be poor
  • Track 14-3Clots in the blood
  • Track 14-4Infection

Session 14:  Exercise and Sports Medicine

Orthopaedic medicine is a type of medicine that focuses on the function of the musculoskeletal system. Orthopaedic sports medicine is dealing with the prevention and treatment of musculoskeletal injuries caused by athletics activity. Specialists in this profession are aware with diseases affecting the bones, joints, tendons, ligaments, and muscles, and they can treat these problems with a range of approaches, including drugs, physical therapy, corrective braces, and surgery.

  • Track 15-1Sports medicine organizations
  • Track 15-2Nutritionists
  • Track 15-3Exercise induced bronchospasm
  • Track 15-4Rehabilitation Methods

The annual number of total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) is gradually increasing. There are no strict rules for long-term follow-up after these arthroplasties. Therefore recommendations for clinical follow-up guidelines are disputed. Although a few case series have been published that indicate a small percentage of patients who require revision TKA for aseptic loosening or discomfort more than 15 years after their index surgery, no published research have yet documented these patients or the pathology present at the time of surgery in detail.

The COVID-19 epidemic had a significant impact on orthopaedic doctors, as well as orthopaedic residents, who are the backbone of any department or institution. This COVID 19 pandemic situation is also affecting orthopaedic residents, since they are not getting enough surgical exposure and hands-on training because regular procedures are being cancelled or postponed at this time. Most orthopaedic subspecialty surgeries, such as joint replacement, arthroscopy, and sports injury surgery, as well as elective spine and deformity correction surgeries are postponed or cancelled since they are not emergencies.