The spinal column of the body includes vertebrae with 33 individual bones which are interlocked with each other, these columns are divided into regions called cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum and coccyx. Among those individuals only 24 bones are movable and help in the motion support of the vertebrate. Artificial disc replacement (ADR) is the surgical procedure in which the degenerated invertebrate discs of the spinal column are replaced with the prosthesis devices in the lower and upper spine. To create an alternative to spinal fusion, this ADR procedure was developed to reduce the pain of operation.
- Track 1-1 Spinal Deformities
- Track 2-2 Nucleus Replacement
- Track 3-3 Total-Disc Replacement
- Track 4-4 Cervical Disc Arthroplasty
- Track 5-5 Cervical Disc Arthroplasty
- Track 6-6 Sources of Equipment